1,965,177. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine was reestablished as an independent state in 1991, and most of the peninsula was reorganized as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, while the city of Sevastopol retained its special status within Ukraine. The 1879 census for the Taurida Governorate reported a Jewish population of 4.20%, not including a Karaite population of 0.43%. The cities of Yalta, Feodosia, Kerch, Sevastopol, Chornomorske and Yevpatoria are connected to one another by sea routes. General Assembly (73rd sess.  The western parts of the Crimean mountains receive more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of precipitation per year. Die Krim wurde einst von Taurern und Kimmerern bewohnt. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. 2.5), Polybius, (Histories 4.39.4), and Ptolemy (Geographia. The republic also possesses two oil fields: one onshore, the Serebryankse oil field in Rozdolne, and one offshore, the Subbotina oil field in the Black Sea. Autonomous Republic of Crimea synonyms, Autonomous Republic of Crimea pronunciation, Autonomous Republic of Crimea translation, English dictionary definition of Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Koordinaten: 45 ° 18'N 34 ° 24'E / 45,3 ° 34,4 ° E N / Autonome Republik Krim . At the head of Sevastopol Bay stands Inkermann/Kalamita. Also many solar photovoltaic SES plants lie along the peninsula (north of Sevastopol too, a smaller facility). Many did not survive.   Other products produced on the Crimean Peninsula include salt, porphyry, limestone, and ironstone (found around Kerch) since ancient times. The Republic of Crimea continues to use the administrative divisions previously used by the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and is thus subdivided into 25 regions: 14 districts and 11 city municipalities (gorodskoj sovet or gorsovet), officially known as territories governed by city councils. On the south side is the large Donuzlav Bay and the port and ancient Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve. On the lower mountain slopes of the south are many vineyards. What are synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea? In post-war years, Crimea thrived as a tourist destination, with new attractions and sanatoriums for tourists. Some sources hold that the name of the capital was extended to the entire peninsula at some point during Ottoman suzerainty. Crimea (krīmē`ə), Rus. It is claimed by Ukraine and recognized as Ukrainian by most other countries, although it has been administered by Russia following its annexation to the country in 2014. Bakhchisarai (1532–1783). Lalawigan ang Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Rinuso: Автономная Республика Крым, Pinulongang Ukranyano: Автономна Республіка Крим, АР Крим) sa Okraniya. But these numbers included Berdyansky, Dneprovsky and Melitopolsky uyezds which were on mainland, not in Crimea. Annual Weather Averages in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Medien in der Kategorie „Autonomous Republic of Crimea“ Folgende 45 Dateien sind in dieser Kategorie, von 45 insgesamt. The highest proportion Russians in Autonomous Republic of Crimea - 1180.4 thousand persons, or 58.5% of total population. May 2015 satellite image of the Crimean Peninsula, Autonomy in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1921–1944), Region in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1945–1954), Region in Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1954–1991). , Article 10 of the Constitution of the Republic of Crimea recognizes three official languages: Russian, Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Syvash in the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine. Covering an area of 27,000 km2 (10,425 sq mi), Crimea is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov; the only land border is shared with Ukraine's Kherson Oblast on the north. However, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union less than a year later, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea was formed as a constituent entity of independent Ukraine, with a slight majority of Crimean voters approving Ukrainian independence in a December referendum. The total number of the actual population. South of Sevastopol is the small Heracles Peninsula. Find the travel option that best suits you.  The plains usually receive 300 to 400 millimetres (11.8 to 15.7 in) of precipitation per year, increasing to 560 millimetres (22.0 in) in the southern coast at sea level. The terrain that lies south of the sheltering Crimean Mountain range is of an altogether different character. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea occupies the territory of the Crimean peninsula that is situated on the south of Ukraine. CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) Trusted, up-to-date information with AI from Watson. The peninsula, then under the control of the Bosporan Kingdom, later became a client kingdom of the Roman Empire in 63 BCE. The classical name was used in 1802 in the name of the Russian Taurida Governorate. The southeast coast is flanked at a distance of 8–12 kilometres (5.0–7.5 mi) from the sea by a parallel range of mountains: the Crimean Mountains. The Crimean Mountains and the southern coast are part of the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Almost every settlement in Crimea is connected with another settlement by bus lines. North of the peninsula the Dnieper turns westward and enters the Black Sea through the east–west Dnieper-Bug Estuary which also receives the Bug River. Looking for abbreviations of ARC? Crimea is almost an island and only connected to the continent by the Isthmus of Perekop, a strip of land about 5–7 kilometres (3.1–4.3 mi) wide. Tourists came from all around the Soviet Union and neighbouring countries, particularly from the German Democratic Republic. Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Crimea is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of the Russian region of Kuban, from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch though linked by the Crimean Bridge since 2018.  The Governor of Sevastopol is Dmitry Ovsyannikov who was first appointed on 28 July 2016 following the resignation of Sergey Menyaylo, and secured re-election on 71% of the vote on 10 September 2017. There are a total of 291 large industrial enterprises and 1002 small business enterprises. Railroad lines running through Crimea include Armiansk—Kerch (with a link to Feodosia), and Melitopol—Sevastopol (with a link to Yevpatoria), connecting Crimea to the Ukrainian mainland. Deaths 5,122. Until 2014, the Republic of Crimea was part of Ukraine. A region and peninsula of southern Ukraine on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).  The frost-free period ranges from 160–200 days in the steppe and mountain regions to 240–260 days on the south coast. , Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances acknowledged Ukrainian integrity.. The coast then runs south to Sevastopol/Chersonesus, a good natural harbor, great naval base and the largest city on the peninsula. Crimea contains the longest (96 km or 59 mi) trolleybus route in the world, stretching from Simferopol to Yalta. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Crimean Tatars began to return to the region. 1. The development of the transport networks brought masses of tourists from central parts of the Russian Empire. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea had 25 administrative areas: 14 raions and 11 mis'kradas and mistos (city municipalities), officially known as territories governed by city councils. Following the election, Sergey Aksyonov became Head of the Republic of Crimea: he had previously been Acting Head from 14 April 2014. Справочник статистических показателей", "About number and composition population of Autonomous Republic of Crimea by data All-Ukrainian population census", "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian Population Census 2001", The Deportation and Destruction of the German Minority in the USSR, On Germans Living on the Territory of the Ukrainian SSR, The Persecution of Pontic Greeks in the Soviet Union, "Public Opinion Survey Residents of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea", Russia seeks to crush Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Crimea for helping resist Russification, Статус епархий в Крыму остался неизменным, заявили в УПЦ Московского патриархата, The Ukrainian Church of the Moscow Patriarchate demanded the return of the Crimea, "Eurovision 2016: Ukraine's Jamala wins with politically charged 1944", Why Scooter are playing in Putin’s annexed Crimea, "UEFA-backed league starts play in Crimea", "Ukrainian Sport Minister urges Federations not to let athletes switch to Russia without serving qualifying period", 14 Russians bid to take part in IAAF World Championships, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crimea&oldid=992514383, Russian-speaking countries and territories, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Crimean Tatar-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2020, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from March 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (under construction) Tavrida highway (route (Eupatoria-)Sevastopol – Simferopol (SW to W N to East ring) – Bilohirsk, P59 (completely within the city of Sevastopol), Armiansk Dzhankoi, Dzhankoi Sinferopol, Eupatoria Sinferopol, Sevastopol Sinferopol, Dzhankoi Nezhgorsk (Feodosia) Kerch, Kerch (bridge) Taman Krasnodar, project building shortcut north Simferopol south Nizhhirsk or Sinferopol Bilohirsk (Feodosia) Kerch route, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 17:43. 5 – December 4, 2009. international Republican Institute Russia covertly invaded and illegally annexed Crimea, narrow... 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